Introduction ::AkrotiriBackground:By terms of the 1960 Treaty of Establishment that created the independent Republic of Cyprus, the UK retained full sovereignty and jurisdiction over two areas of almost 254 square kilometers - Akrotiri and Dhekelia. The southernmost and smallest of these is the Akrotiri Sovereign Base Area, which is also referred to as the Western Sovereign Base Area.Geography ::AkrotiriLocation:Eastern Mediterranean, peninsula on the southwest coast of CyprusGeographic coordinates:34 37 N, 32 58 EArea:total: 123 sq kmcountry comparison to the world: 224note: includes a salt lake and wetlandsArea - comparative:about 0.7 times the size of Washington, DCLand boundaries:total: 47.4 kmborder countries: Cyprus 47.4 kmCoastline:56.3 kmClimate:temperate; Mediterranean with hot, dry summers and cool wintersEnvironment - current issues:hunting around the salt lake; note - breeding place for loggerhead and green turtles; only remaining colony of griffon vultures is on the baseGeography - note:British extraterritorial rights also extended to several small off-post sites scattered across Cyprus; of the Sovereign Base Area (SBA) land, 60% is privately owned and farmed, 20% is owned by the Ministry of Defense, and 20% is SBA Crown landPeople and Society ::AkrotiriLanguages:English, GreekPopulation:approximately 15,700 live on the Sovereign Base Areas of Akrotiri and Dhekelia including 7,700 Cypriots, 3,600 Service and UK-based contract personnel, and 4,400 dependentscountry comparison to the world: 222Government ::AkrotiriCountry name:conventional long form: noneconventional short form: AkrotiriDependency status:a special form of UK overseas territory; administered by an administrator who is also the Commander, British Forces CyprusCapital:name: Episkopi Cantonment (base administrative center for Akrotiri and Dhekelia)geographic coordinates: 34 40 N, 32 51 Etime difference: UTC+2 (7 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in OctoberConstitution:Sovereign Base Areas of Akrotiri and Dhekelia Order in Council 1960, effective 16 August 1960, functions as a basic legal documentLegal system:the Sovereign Base Area Administration has its own court system to deal with civil and criminal matters; laws applicable to the Cypriot population are, as far as possible, the same as the laws of the Republic of CyprusExecutive branch:chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952)head of government: Administrator Air Vice Marshall Graham STACEY (since 4 November 2010); note - reports to the British Ministry of Defense; the Chief Officer is responsible for the day-to-day running of the civil government of the Sovereign Baseselections: none; the monarchy is hereditary; the administrator appointed by the monarchJudicial branch:highest court(s): Senior Judges' Court (consists of several visiting judges from England and Wales)judge selection and term of office: judges appointment and tenure NAsubordinate courts: Resident Judges' Court; Courts MartialDiplomatic representation in the US:none (overseas territory of the UK)Diplomatic representation from the US:none (overseas territory of the UK)Flag description:the flag of the UK is usedNational anthem:note: as a United Kingdom area of special sovereignty, ""God Save the Queen"" is official (see United Kingdom)Economy ::AkrotiriEconomy - overview:Economic activity is limited to providing services to the military and their families located in Akrotiri. All food and manufactured goods must be imported.Exchange rates:note: uses the euroCommunications ::AkrotiriBroadcast media:British Forces Broadcast Service (BFBS) provides multi-channel satellite TV service as well as BFBS radio broadcasts to the Akrotiri Sovereign Base (2009)Military ::AkrotiriMilitary - note:defense is the responsibility of the UK; Akrotiri has a full RAF base, Headquarters for British Forces Cyprus, and Episkopi Support Unit"
The World Factbook. 2014.